Cambridge Healthtech Institute’s Inaugural

New Frontiers in Gene Editing and Repair
(유전자 편집과 수복의 새로운 연구 영역)

CRISPR 등의 유전자 편집 기술을 이용한 정밀의료의 실현 가속

2019년 3월 28일


유전자 편집, 특히 CRISPR(Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats)/Cas 시스템을 이용한 유전자 편집은 Drug Discovery 분야에서 중요한 스크리닝 툴로서의 지위를 빠르게 확립하고 있으며, 현재는 치료 목적으로도 사용되고 있습니다. 유전자 편집과 수복의 새로운 연구 영역을 테마로 한 이 심포지엄에서는 연구기관 및 의료기관에서 이 분야의 연구에 참여하고 있는 전문가가 한자리에 모여 유전자 편집 기술을 이용하여 정밀의료를 실현하고, 표적 치료법을 진화시키기 위한 방안 등에 대해 논의합니다. 또한 가이드 RNA의 설계, 전달, 유전자 편집에 관련된 오프 타깃 효과 분야의 문제 해결, 현재 개발이 진행되고 있는 대체적 방법 및 툴 등에 대해서도 논의됩니다. 안전하고 우수한 치료제의 개발을 위해 유전자 편집 기술을 활용하는 방법에 대해 제약회사 및 바이오테크놀러지 기업, 대학, 공립연구기관, 기술 및 서비스 제공 기업 등의 전문가와 정보를 교환할 수 있는 최적의 기회입니다.

Final Agenda

THURSDAY, MARCH 28

7:30 am Registration and Morning Coffee

유전자 편집에서 의료 정밀화의 추진

8:15 Welcome Remarks from Conference Director

Tanuja Koppal, PhD, Conference Director, Cambridge Healthtech Institute

8:25 Chairperson’s Opening Remarks

Søren Warming, PhD, Senior Scientist, Genentech, Inc., a Member of the Roche Group

8:30 Gene Editing Approaches to the Treatment of Liver Diseases

Clifford Steer, MD, Professor of Medicine and Genetics, Cell Biology and Development; Director, Molecular Gastroenterology Program, University of Minnesota Medical School

Among the novel approaches in gene editing, CRISPR/Cas9 technology has become the most popular, in part due to its ability to carry out gene editing at the target site with great precision. With considerable successes in animal and preclinical studies, CRISPR/Cas9-mediated gene editing has paved the way for its use in human trials, including patients with a variety of liver diseases. Gene editing is a logical therapeutic approach for liver diseases because many of the metabolic and acquired disorders are caused by mutations within a single gene.

9:00 Switchable Genome Editing via Genetic Code Expansion

Yu-Hsuan Tsai, PhD, Lecturer in Chemical Biology, School of Chemistry, Cardiff University

Multiple applications of genome editing by CRISPR-Cas9 necessitate stringent regulation. We have developed heritable Cas9-mediated mammalian genome editing that is acutely controlled by a non-natural amino acid. Using this approach, we demonstrated stringently amino acid dependent, heritable editing of transgenic and native genomic at the onset of mouse embryonic development. This approach promises broad applications, including therapeutic genome editing and gene drives.

9:30 CRISPR Off-Target Analysis in Genetically Engineered Rodents

Søren Warming, PhD, Senior Scientist, Genentech, Inc., a Member of the Roche Group

We generated deep-sequencing data from 81 genome-editing rodent model projects at 1,423 predicted off-target sites and confirmed editing at 32 off-target sites. Using whole-genome sequencing data from ten CRISPR-treated mouse embryos and their genetic parents, we found a total of 43 off-targets. This data was recently published (Nat Methods 2018: 15(7):512-514) and I will discuss how we have implemented our findings into our workflow and provide recommendations for the use of CRISPR in rodent models.

10:00 Networking Coffee Break

10:30 CRISPR: An Evolving Tool for Studying and Eliminating HIV Disease

Will Dampier, PhD, Assistant Professor, Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Center for Molecular Virology & Translational Neuroscience, Drexel University College of Medicine

HIV-1 infects millions of people across the world. While current anti-retroviral therapy manages viral proliferation, the early formation of a persistently integrated latent reservoir is a major cure barrier. CRISPR gene editing provides a potential avenue for addressing this therapeutic limitation. This talk will focus on computational design strategies for overcoming genetic variation inherent in HIV-1 infection in an effort to create broad-spectrum CRISPR targeting strategies.

11:00 Elucidating the Mechanism of Action and Regulatory Circuitry of CRISPR-Directed Gene Editing in Human Cells

Eric B. Kmiec, PhD, Director, Gene Editing Institute; Senior Research Scientist, Center for Translational Cancer Research, Helen F. Graham Cancer Center & Research Institute, Christiana Care Health System

CRISPR-directed gene editing is being tested for clinical feasibility. We have taken a decidedly reductionist approach to understanding the regulatory circuitry that surrounds it. Using a human cell-free system, a ribonucleoprotein (RNP) particle and a defined template, we have uncovered regulatory factors that provide guidance for achieving productive outcomes with a level of precision. This system lays the foundation to study the relationships among MMEJ, NHEJ and HDR pathways simultaneously in a controlled reaction environment.

11:30 Sponsored Presentation (Opportunity Available)

12:00 pm Luncheon Presentation (Sponsorship Opportunity Available) or Enjoy Lunch on Your Own

12:30 Session Break

암 세포치료를 위한 유전자 편집

1:15 Chairperson’s Remarks

Alexandra Hicks, PhD, Executive Director, Hemoglobinopathies, Bioverativ, a Sanofi Company

1:20 Genetic Modification of NK Cells Opens a New Era of Cancer Immunotherapy

Meisam Naeimi Kararoudi, DVM, PhD, Postdoctoral Fellow, Cell Therapy and Cancer Immunotherapy Program, Center for Childhood Cancer and Blood Disorders, Nationwide Children’s Hospital

NK cells have the potential to treat a wide range of cancers, and genetic modification may enhance their potency as cancer immunotherapeutics. Recently, we developed a new strategy for genetic modification of NK cells in which CRISPR/Cas9 elements are introduced as ribonucleoproteins (RNPs) via electroporation, followed by expansion on feeder cells. This method enabled us to genetically modify NK cells with enhanced cytotoxicity against several cancer targets.

1:50 Gene Editing Cancer Cells: A New Frontier in Cell Therapy for Cancer

Khalid Shah, MS, PhD, Director, Center for Stem Cell Therapies and Imaging, Harvard Medical School; Vice Chair of Research, Brigham and Women’s Hospital

We have developed tumor cell surface receptor targeted adult stem cells expressing novel bi-functional immunomodulatory proteins and oncolytic viruses and shown the efficacy of engineered cells in different cancer models. Recently, we have reverse engineered cancer cells using CRISPR/Cas9 technology and demonstrated self-tumor tropism and therapeutic potential of receptor self-targeted engineered cancer cells. This talk considers the current status of cell-based treatments for cancer and provides a rationale for using CRISPR/Cas9 edited cancer cells for treating different cancer types in primary, recurrent, and metastatic settings.

2:20 Networking Refreshment Break

2:40 PANEL DISCUSSION: Rare Diseases - From Simple to Complicated, Complex and Cure

Moderator: Michael N. Liebman, PhD, Managing Director, IPQ Analytics, LLC

Panelists:

Debbie Lin, PhD, Executive Director, Venture Fund Digital Health, Boehringer-Ingelheim

Durhane Wong-Rieger, President & CEO, Canadian Organization for Rare Disorders

This panel will focus on the complexities of diagnosing and stratifying rare diseases using both traditional clinical observations and the application of digital health methodologies. Rare diseases share many real-world issues with common diseases, but patient numbers limit the application of conventional statistical analyses. Discussion of approaches and examples of how novel methodologies and technologies can improve patient care and drug development will be presented, as well as the stratification of some common diseases into rare disease subtypes.

3:10 FEATURED PRESENTATION: Gene Therapy Projects at NCATS and the NIH Common Fund Somatic Cell Genome Editing Program

Philip John (P.J.) Brooks, PhD, Program Director, Office of Rare Diseases Research, National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS), National Institutes of Health (NIH)

This talk will cover: Perspectives on gene therapy from the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, with an emphasis on platform approaches; the Rare Diseases Clinical Research Network as a clinical trial platform for gene therapy and genome editing; and the NIH Common Fund Program on Somatic Cell Genome Editing.

3:40 Disrupting a BCL11A Enhancer with Zinc Finger Nucleases (ZFNs) for the Potential Treatment of Sickle Cell Disease and Beta Thalassemia

Alexandra Hicks, PhD, Executive Director, Hemoglobinopathies, Bioverativ, a Sanofi Company

High fetal hemoglobin (HbF) levels are associated with asymptomatic sickle cell disease and less severe beta-thalassemia. BIVV-003 is a novel gene editing treatment comprising autologous HSPCs modified with ZFNs targeted to the erythroid-specific enhancer sequence of BCL11A, a key transcriptional regulator of fetal to adult hemoglobin switching. We will present preclinical data showing that the human HSPCs of BIVV-003 are efficiently and reproducibly edited at the BCL11A enhancer with high specificity resulting in reactivation of HbF expression. These edited HSPCs exhibit normal functionality and are capable of long-term engraftment in vivo.

4:10 Paving a Legal Path for Translational Genome Editing

Paul Enríquez, JD, LLM, PhD Candidate, Structural and Molecular Biochemistry, North Carolina State University

CRISPR systems are pushing the frontiers of genome editing applications with remarkable speed. Exciting prospects for revolutionizing personalized medicine and gene therapies are on the horizon. However, uncertainty looms concerning how law and policy will promote or hinder development of this nascent biotechnology. This talk identifies regulatory gaps, examines current challenges and opportunities in the field, and outlines a practical legal path for translating genome editing into the clinic.

4:40 Close of Symposium

* 주최측 사정에 따라 사전 예고없이 프로그램이 변경될 수 있습니다.




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